India's food production has been consistent and encouraging, especially after thegreen revolution in the early 1970s. In spite of continued productivity constraints inthe case of many crops, India's food production was significant and consistent. While“the future of food” could mean any number of things, the common denominator isthe challenge underpinned by several of the United Nations’ SustainableDevelopment Goals: to feed the world in ways that are more equitable, healthy, andsustainable. Smart integration of technology can help design sustainable urban foodecosystems (UFEs) for the prolifically multiplying urban population in the developingworld. Technology, especially recent advances in digital-enabled devices based oninternet connectivity, is essential for building UFEs at a time when food production isincreasingly limited on a global scale by the availability of land, water, and energy. By2050, two-thirds of the world will be urban—and most of the net world populationgrowth will occur in urban regions in the developing world. A food crisis is looming,with the developing world ill-prepared to sustainably feed itself.
The developing world constantly vouches for seeking solutions that can helpminimize the environmental ill impact on the planet while providing easy,reproducible, and sustainable products. The close correlation between agriculturalprocesses and natural conditions makes climate change a key consideration forfarmers. With changing environmental scenarios, farmers are looking to technologicalinnovations to adapt. Some are seeking protection from the elements with the help ofenhanced greenhouses and vertical farming setups that can grow indoor crops year-round. Others are using “smart farming” tools to navigate climate-related challengesand to help optimize fertilizer levels and potentially improve crop yields.
India has a strong conviction that agriculture has to play a vital role in socio-economictransformation in developing countries and in securing a sustainable future for theplanet. India is now focusing to enhance productivity, making post-harvestmanagement robust, and giving farmers and buyers a unified national market foroptimizing benefits to both. Sustainable agriculture offers a much-needed alternativeto conventional input-intensive agriculture, the long-term impacts of which includedegrading topsoil, declining groundwater levels, and reduced biodiversity. It is vital toensure India’s nutrition security in a climate-constrained world.
To address and deliberate on the pivotal topics of Emerging and AdoptableTechnologies for Sustainable Agro-Food industries and Economy, the Association ofFood Scientists and Technologists (India) in association with AFST(I)- Mumbai andAurangabad chapter is holding the 28th ICFOST at the Hotel Rama International,Aurangabad, Maharashtra during January 20-22, 2022.